This is a continuation of statistics as to the impact of child abuse and neglect on millions of children in the United States. The media is flagrantly absent in its coverage about the devastating results of criminal behavior by parents/caretakers in America.
Behavioral, Emotional, and Psychological
- Cognitive Impairment:
- Approximately 30% of abused children have some type of language or cognitive impairment, over 50% of abused children have socio-emotional problems, over 22% of abused children have a learning disorder, and approximately 14% of abused children exhibit self-mutilating or other self-destructive behavior.
- Approximately 6% of children under age 18 receive special education or intervention services related to impaired cognitive functioning.
- Delinquent, Violent and Other Risk-taking Behaviors: Approximately 20% of abused children are convicted for serious juvenile crime such as theft, auto theft, breaking and entering, burglary, or assault.
- Depression and Anxiety: A longitudinal study found that 80% of abused young adults demonstrated considerable impairments in functioning which included greater depression and anxiety.
- Developmental Delays:
- An estimated 25% of all developmental disabilities are caused by child abuse.
- More than 50% of the child victims of severe neglect sustain permanent disabilities, including mental retardation and other forms of learning and cognitive disabilities.
- DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder):
- DID is not uncommon . In inpatient psychiatric populations, mixed impatient and outpatient groups, and chemical dependency treatment settings, previously undiagnosed DID is found in between 4% and 18.6% of the patients.
- The average patient had been in the mental health care delivery system for 6.8 years before being accurately diagnosed with DID.
- Current research shows that DID may affect about 2.5 million or 1 percent of the general population and as many as 5-20% of people in psychiatric hospitals.
- Dissociative Disorders: Dissociative disorders are considered by many professionals to be common long-term sequelae of child abuse and trauma. Reported rates for physical and sexual abuse range from 60-90%.
- Eating and Sleeping Disorders:
- A study examining a possible relation of obesity to sexual abuse showed that 60% of 131 patients seen in a general medical practice who reported a history of sexual abuse as children were 50 pounds or more overweight compared with 28% of a control group.
- The prevalence of child sexual abuse is high among individuals seeking inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa.
- Behavioral signs of sexual abuse of children are extreme changes in behavior (loss of appetite, eating disorder, clinginess, withdrawal, aggressiveness, recurrent nightmares, disturbed sleep patterns, or a sudden fear of the dark).
- Feelings of Shame and Guilt: Victims of sexual abuse frequently experience feelings of shame, guilt, isolation, powerlessness, embarrassment, and inadequacy.
- Hyperactivity: Emotional abuse and neglect are more common among men and women with ADHD as compared to controls. Sexual abuse and physical neglect are more commonly reported by females with ADHD. Patients with ADHD symptoms have a high probability of childhood abuse.
- Poor Relationships:
- Childhood maltreatment is associated with insecure patterns of attachment—characterized by a range of behaviors from excessive dependence on others to being highly guarded. Not surprisingly, these behaviors may prove to be alienating to others, thus threatening the potential for a healthy relationship.
- Children who are maltreated may have problems developing appropriate social relationships, trust, and attachments.
- Poor School Performance: Children who experience maltreatment may demonstrate attention deficits, problems with abstract reasoning, decision-making, and lower intelligence quotients that may lead to poor school performance and a need for special education services. 
- Poor Self-Esteem: Emotional and physical abuse have been linked to lying, stealing, low self-esteem, emotional maladjustment, dependency, underachievement, depression, aggression, learning disorders, homicide, and suicide.
- PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder):
- People with prior exposure to domestic violence (including physical or sexual abuse) in childhood or adulthood have significantly heightened susceptibility to severe and chronic PTSD following exposure to any type of traumatic event.
- Roughly 19% of girls and 16% of boys meet the criteria of PTSD, major depressive episode, and substance abuse/dependence.
- A review of recent studies found that 30% to 59% of women receiving drug abuse treatment have PTSD.
- Psychosomatic Disorders: The essential mechanism in Conversion Disorder is the “conversion” of an unconscious psychological conflict into a somatic (physical) symptom for the purpose of avoiding severe anxiety. Contributing factors to a Conversion Disorder are a history of childhood deprivation and abuse.
- Severe Mental Illness: Between 51-98% of public mental health clients diagnosed with severe mental illness have trauma histories, and prevalence rates within substance abuse treatment programs and other social services are similar.
- Substance Abuse (Alcohol and Drugs):
- Half of all children (35.6 million) live in a household where a parent or other adult uses tobacco, drinks heavily or uses illicit drugs.
- Studies show that women in substance abuse treatment programs are significantly more likely to report histories of physical or sexual abuse—especially childhood abuse—than women not in treatment.
- Teenagers with alcohol and drug problems are 6 to 12 times more likely to have a history of being physically abused and 18 to 21 times more likely to have been sexually abused than those without alcohol and drug problems.
- State child welfare records show that substance abuse is one of the top two problems exhibited by 81% of reported cases of child abuse and neglect.
- Suicidal Behavior and Self-Harm: Clients who were sexually victimized as children were over two times more likely to have made at least one suicide attempt in the past than were non-abused clients.
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