Within this series that I have been writing, I have been trying to connect the dots to show the contrast between:
- the scientific, documented research for over 110 years of multiple personalities and members of the psychiatric community who support recovery for adult survivors of child abuse with
- members of the False Memory Syndrome Foundation (FMSF) who come to the defense of alleged child molesters.
FMSF members have operated in full view with an air of respectability while at the same time have worked very hard behind closed doors to silence therapists and ultimately survivors. It is very insidious behavior, but since the media will not conduct an in depth honest analysis of these issues, the uninformed public believes what they read and hear.
The statistics on DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder) state: “The prevalence of dissociative disorders (DD) in clinical settings ranges between:
- 5-21% among inpatients,
- 12-38% among outpatients, and
- 35% among patients presenting to a psychiatric emergency room.”
In spite of all their efforts, the FMSF have been unable to delete DID from the “bible” of psychiatric listings of disorders – the DSM.
In 1980, the diagnosis of MPD (Multiple Personality Disorder) was included in the psychiatric book of treatable diagnoses – the DSM III. In 1994, the MPD diagnosis was renamed Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) in the DSM IV. The DSM V was released May 18, 2013 and still carries the DID diagnosis.
Changes from the DSM I to the DSM II
The first time there was mention of “multiple personalities” in the DSM was in Volume II under the heading of Neuroses (300). On page 39, are the subheadings including “hysterical neurosis conversion type (300.13).” As a subheading under this was “hysterical neurosis dissociative type (300.14) which was described as “In the dissociative type, alterations may occur in the patient’s state of consciousness or in his identity, to produce such symptoms as amnesia, somnambulism, fugue and multiple personalities.”
Changes from the DSM II to DSM III
It was in 1980 that multiple personality disorder was finally recognized as a condition on its own. The DSM III changed multiple personalities from a symptom of “hysterical neurosis conversion type” to its own diagnosis which they called Multiple Personality Disorder.
Changes from the DSM III to the DSM IV
DID was called Multiple Personality Disorder until 1994, when the name was changed to reflect a better understanding of the condition—namely, that it is characterized by a fragmentation, or splintering, of identity rather than by a proliferation, or growth, of separate identities.
Changes from the DSM IV to DSM V
The following changes to the DSM IV were suggested by the DSM IV work committee.
- Clarification of language,
- Different states can be reported or observed including trance and possession,
- Mention of experienced of possession increases global utility,
- Amnesia for everyday events is a common feature, and
- Differentiate normative cultural experiences from psychopathology.
Even though the diagnosis of Dissociative Identity Disorder has been recognized and patients have been treated for the disorder since 1980 (over 35 years), there are still those who deny the validity of the diagnosis and who are working to eliminate it.
I will say this again, I was diagnosed for DID, worked with a trained expert therapist, and integrated about 20 personalities/alters. If I had not done that, I would not be leading the fulfilling life I have today. I was blessed and am giving back to those who desperately need help and will continue my journey by speaking truth to the falsehoods of those not only not equipped to treat DID, but to those who keep working to fool the uninformed public about this devastating illness.
 “A Naturalistic Study of Dissociative Identity Disorder and Dissociative Identity Disorder Not Otherwise Specified Patients Treated by Community Clinicians,” Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, and Policy, 2009, Vol. 1, No.2, 153-171.