Scientists are beginning to see the evidence of altered brain functioning as a result of early abuse and neglect. Growth in each region of a baby’s brain largely depends on receiving stimulation which spurs activity in that region. This stimulation forms the foundation for learning.
Researchers use the term plasticity to describe the way the brain creates, strengthens, and discards synapses and neuronal pathways in response to the environment. The brain’s plasticity is the reason that environment plays a vital role in brain development.